Difference between revisions of "Lithium"

From NOWA-CL
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(Created page with "{{Compound|chemf=Li|num=6|group=Alkali Metals|mm=6.997|density=0.534|mp=180.50|bp=1330|sol_aq=reacts|stp_p=solid|stp_q=silver|nfpa_h=}} ==Uses== {{Justify}} ===Other=== * Esse...")
 
(No difference)

Latest revision as of 23:18, 26 June 2020

 
Lithium
Chemical formula Li
Atomic Number
OTP appearance silver solid 
Molar Mass(g/mol) 6.997 
Melting Point(°C) 180.50 
Boiling Point(°C) 1330 
Density(g/cc) 0.534 
Solubility in water(g/L) reacts
NFPA 704
NFPA704.png
0
0
 

Uses

Justification Questioned

Other

Natural Occurrence

  • Elemental lithium does not occur naturally
  • Mineral sources include spodumene, lepidolite, and petalite, amblygonite
  • Some natural brines contain high concentrations of lithium in dissolved lithium compounds such as lithium carbonate

Hazards

Production

Extraction

Electrolysis

  • Electrolysis of a molten mixture of lithium chloride and potassium chloride. At a 45:55 ratio, they melt at 300°C. In the presence of oxygen and moisture in the air, the lithium will react.
    45 Li
    {55 KCl(s)
    300°C, 9v}
    45 Li(l) + 45 Cl(g)

Testing

Purification

Storage

Disposal

See Also

References