Difference between revisions of "Vanadium"

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Latest revision as of 22:01, 23 May 2020

 
Vanadium
Chemical formula V
Atomic Number 23 
OTP appearance silver solid 
Molar Mass(g/mol) 50.94 
Melting Point(°C) 1910.8 
Boiling Point(°C) 3407 
Density(g/cc) 6
NFPA 704
NFPA704.png
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0
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Uses

Primary

Natural occurrence

Hazards

Production

Extraction

from ores not containing iron or uranium

This would include vanadinite, patronite, roscoelite:

... vanadium-bearing ores or slags are crushed, ground, screened, and mixed with a sodium salt such as sodium chloride or sodium carbonate. This charge is then roasted at about 850° C (1,550° F) to convert the oxides to sodium metavanadate, which can be leached in hot water. With the acidulation of the leachate with sulfuric acid, the vanadium is precipitated as sodium hexavanadate. This compound, known as red cake, can be fused at 700° C (1,300° F) to yield technical-grade vanadium pentoxide (at least 86 percent V2O5) or it can be further purified by dissolving it in an aqueous solution of sodium carbonate. In the latter case, the iron, aluminum, and silicon impurities in the red cake precipitate from solution upon adjustment of the acidity. The vanadium is precipitated as ammonium metavanadate by adding ammonium chloride. After filtration, the precipitate is calcined to produce V2O5 of a purity greater than 99.8 percent.[1]

Roughly[2]:

  1. Fuse ore with sodium chloride, producing sodium metavanadate(NaVO3)
    Pb5(VO4)3Cl + 3 NaCl + 
    {
    850°C}
    3 NaVO3 + insoluble dross
    4 VS4 + 2 Na2CO3 + 6 O2
    {
    850°C}
    4 NaVO3 + insoluble dross
  2. Leach with water and evaporate to dryness
  3. Combine with sulfuric acid precipiating red cake
  4. Calcine red cake at 700°C producing crude vanadium pentoxide

See also

References

  1. Wang, Chun-Sin "Vanadium Processing"
    encyclopedia Britannica 
  2. US patent 2733980 "Precipitation of sodium hexavanadate"
    Link courtesy Google