Isopropanol

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Isopropanol
Chemical formula C3H8O
OTP appearance colorless liquid 
Molar Mass(g/mol) 60.10 
Melting Point(°C) -89 
Boiling Point(°C) 82.6 
Density(g/cc) 0.786 
Index of refraction 1.3776 
Fuel Value(MJ/kg) 24.04 
Solubility in water(g/L) misc
NFPA 704
NFPA704.png
3
1
0
 

Uses

Primary

Other

  • solvent alcohol miscible with water but can be salted out

Natural occurrence

Hazards

20mg/kg has a toxic effect on humans. Less (comparably) than methanol.

Production

Synthesis

  1. Catalytically hydrogenate propanone to isopropanol using urushibara nickel.
    2 C3H7O + H2
    {Ni
    }
    2 C3H7OH

Purification

Storage

Disposal

See Also

References